Pushing hands or Tui Shou is a name for two-person training routines practiced in internal Chinese martial arts such as Tai Chi. Pushing hands is said to be the gateway for students to experientially understand the martial aspects of the internal martial arts: leverage, reflex, sensitivity, timing, coordination, and positioning. Pushing hands works to undo a person's natural instinct to resist force with force, teaching the body to yield to force and redirect it. Tai chi schools may teach push hands to complement the physical conditioning available from performing solo form routines.
Pushing hands allows students to learn how to respond to external stimuli using techniques from other forms. Training with a partner allows a student to develop listening power, i.e. the sensitivity to feel the direction and strength of a partner's intention. Pushing hands develops a contract between students so they can develop defensive and offensive movement principles; learning to generate, coordinate and deliver power to another and also how to effectively neutralize incoming forces in a safe environment.