ashi o kaete - change stance, as from left foot to right without losing balance

te o kaete - change hands, used for all hand techniques, punches or blocks

yoi - musubi dachi position, hands one fist in front of the belt, crossed left over right, palms down

kamaete - on guard - taking your own position ready to fight, as in free sparring, or assuming  as in moving basics

hajime- begin at your own speed, continue to your own count, as in free sparring or kata

yame - temporary stop

naotte - final stop

hidari - use left side , left kick, left punch

migi - use right side, right kick, right punch

mawatte - turn around about face

kime - focus

obi - belt

sempai - senior student

kohai - junior student

mokuso - meditation (eyes close)

hai, sensei - Yes (I understand) Sensei, spoken loudly and firmly

dojo - literally, way or place, or place for learning the way, name for karate school

sayonara - good bye

renzoku tsuki, keri, uke - double punch, kick or block in which hands or feet move one right after the other to the full extent of the technique

morote tsuki, uke- both hands simultaneously execute the technique


ichi one
ni two
san three
shi (yon) four
go five
roku six
shichi (nana) seven
hachi eight
kyu nine
jyu ten
jyu ichi eleven

Directions To Strike

Yoko - to the side

Ushiro - to the back

Mae - to the front

Mawashi - round-house, around

Areas To Strike

Chudan - centre level, from the collar to belt, stomach

Gedan - lower level, groin area

Jodan - Upper level from the collar up

Basic Hand Techniques

tsuki - punch

Choku-tsuki - straight punch

Oi-tsuki - lunge punch

Gyaku-tsuki - reverse punch

Ura-tsuki - short punch (inverted)

Age-tsuki - upper cut

Furi-tsuki - circular swing punch

Nukite-tsuki - finger thrust

Shotei-tsuki - palm heel thrust

Uraken-uchi - inverted fist strike

Shuto-uchi - knife hand strike

Tettsui-uchi- bottom fist strike

Haito-uchi - ridge hand strike

Hiji-ate - elbow strike

Ippon nukite - one finger thrust

Nihon nukite - two finger thrust

Nakadaka-ken - middle finger knuckle fist

Keiko-ken - middle joint of index finger protruding

Ippon Ken - First finger knuckle punch

Sun tsuki - short punch

Jun tsuki - leading punch

Kizami Tsuki - leading jab punch

Awase tsuki - U - Punch

Morote Tsuki - two fisted punch

Mawashi tsuki - round hook punch

Basic Foot Techniques

Keri (geri) - kick

Mae-geri - front kick

Mawashi-geri - round house kick

Yoko-geri - side kick

Ushiro-geri - back kick

Kansetsu-geri - joint kick

Tobi-geri - jumping kick

Hiza-geri - knee kick

Ashi-barai - foot sweep

Kakato-otoshi - heel drop

Fumikomi - stamp

Basic Blocking Techniques

Uke - block

Jodan Age uke - rising block

Chudan yoko uke - middle area block

Chudan uchi uke - middle inside forearm block (from outside to inside)

Gedan (harai) barai uke - lower area block

Mawashi uke - roundhouse block

Shotei uke - palm heel block

Ko uke - wrist block

Kake uke - hook block

Hiki uke - grasping block

Sukui uke - scoop block

Kosa uke - cross block

Kuri uke - circular elbow block

Otoshi (shotei, Haishu etc) uke - descending block

Parts of the Hand

Seiken - forefist

Uraken - inverted fist

Shuto - knife hand

Shotei - palm heel

Nukite - spear hand

Tettsui - hammer fist (bottom)

Haito - ridge hand

Koken - bent fist

Parts of the Foot

Josokutei (Chu soku) - ball of the foot

Kakato - heel

Sokuto - outer edge of the foot

Haisoku - instep

Ashiyubi - toes


dachi - stances

heisoku-dachi - feet together

musubi-dachi - heels together

heiko-dachi - parallel stance

hachiji-dachi - natural stance

kiba-dachi - straddle stance (horse-riding stance)

shiko-dachi - sumo stance

sanchin-dachi - hourglass stance

zenkutsu-dachi - front (forward leaning) stance

han zenkutsu-dachi - half front (forward leaning) stance

neko ashi-dachi - cat stance

kokutsu dachi - backward leaning stance

For the Opening/Closing Ceremonies, please click on the Terminology Tab on the Menu above and select from the Drop Down Box.