a. The pitcher must not make any motion to pitch without immediately delivering the ball to the batter.
b. The pitcher must not use a pitching motion in which, after having the ball in both hands in the pitching position, he removes one hand from the ball, takes a backward and forward swing,   and returns the ball to both hands in front of the body.
c. The pitcher must not use a windup in which there is a stop, or reversal, of the forward motion.
d. The pitcher must not make two revolutions of the arm on the windmill pitch.  However, he may drop his arm to the side and to the rear before starting the windmill motion.  This allows the arm to pass the hip twice.
e. The delivery must be an underhanded motion, with the hand below the hip and the wrist not farther from the body than the elbow.
f. The release of the ball and follow through of the hand and wrist must be forward and past the straight line of the body.
g. Both feet must remain in contact with the pitcher’s plate and the pivot foot must remain motionless at all times before the start of the pitch.
h. The pivot foot must remain in contact with the pitcher’s plate at all times before the forward drag, leap or hop.

i. In the act of delivering the ball, the pitcher may take one step with the leading, non-pivot foot   simultaneous with the release of the ball.  The step must be forward toward the batter and within the 61.0cm (24 in) length of the pitcher's plate.  
NOTE: (h-i) It is not a step if the pitcher slides his foot across the pitcher's plate, provided contact is maintained with the plate and there is no movement backwards of the non-pivot foot.   Lifting the pivot foot off the pitcher's plate and returning it to the plate, creating a rocking motion, is an illegal act.
j. The pivot foot must remain in contact with the pitcher’s plate,   or push off and drag away from the pitcher’s plate or be airborne   prior to the stepping (non-pivot) foot touching the ground.
Note:  It is legal to drag, leap or hop and then land and throw as long as the original push starts from the pitcher’s plate.  It is not legal to step off with the pivot foot and then drag, leap or hop and throw.
k. The pitcher shall not push off from a place other than the pitcher’s plate prior to separating his hands.  

l. The pitcher must not continue to wind up after releasing the ball.
m. The pitcher shall not deliberately drop, roll or bounce the ball in order to prevent the batter from hitting it.
n. The pitcher has twenty (20) seconds to release the next pitch after receiving the ball, or after the umpire indicates, "Play Ball."  
Effect – 3n: An additional ball is awarded the batter.


a. No member of the defensive team shall, at any time during the game, be permitted to use any foreign substance on the ball.  A pitcher who licks his fingers must wipe off his fingers before making contact with the ball.

NOTE: If any defensive team member continues to place a foreign substance on the ball, the pitcher shall be ejected from the game.

b. Applying resin to the ball, or into the glove and then placing the ball in the glove, is an illegal act.  Resin must be kept on the ground behind the pitcher’s plate when not in use.
c. Under the supervision and control of the umpire, powdered resin may be used to dry the hands.
Note:  Approved manufactured cloths that are embedded with resin only are permitted.

d. The pitcher shall not wear tape on his fingers, or a sweatband, bracelet, or similar type item on the wrist or forearm of the pitching arm.  

NOTE: If a pitcher needs to wear a sweatband on the pitching arm as a result of an injury, both arms should be covered with an undershirt.


If the defensive team desires to have an intentional base on balls awarded to a batter, either the pitcher, catcher or coach  
may do so by notifying the plate umpire who shall award the batter first base.  This notification to the umpire shall be considered a pitch.  The ball is dead

NOTE: The notification can occur at any time prior to a batter beginning and ending his time at bat regardless of the count.  The ball is dead, runners cannot advance unless forced.


A pitcher, who has been declared an Illegal Pitcher as a result of the team exceeding the charged conference limit, may not return to the pitching position at any time for the remainder of the game.

EFFECT - Sec. 12:
If the Illegal Pitcher has returned and has thrown one pitch, either legal or illegal, he is ejected from the game.  If he is discovered prior to the next pitch, the manager of the offensive team has the option of
1.  Taking the result of the play, or
2.  Having the play nullified, with runners returning to the last base held at the time of the play.

EXCEPTION  If the play was the result of the completion of the batter’s turn at bat, and the option is taken to nullify the play, that batter resumes batting, assuming the ball and strike count he had prior to completing his turn at bat and runners are returned to the base held at the time of the pitch.